Does No 1099 Mean No Deduction for You?
December 13, 2019
Imagine this: you didn’t issue Form 1099s to your contractors. Now, the IRS is auditing your tax return, and the auditor claims you lose your deductions because you didn’t issue the Form 1099s. Is this correct?
No. IRS auditors often make this claim, but they are incorrect.
There is no provision in the federal tax law that denies you a deduction for labor expenses simply because you didn’t file the required Form 1099s. But the tax court has stated that the non-filing of required Form 1099s can cast doubt on the legitimacy of the deduction claimed.
As with any deduction claimed on the tax return, you have to keep sufficient records to substantiate the deduction amount. If you had filed Form 1099s, then this would have been solid documentation to help prove the expenses to the auditor.
But since you didn’t file Form 1099s, you need to provide ironclad documentation to prove the expenses, including some or all of the following:
- Bank statement transactions
- Canceled checks
- Credit card statement transactions
- Invoices from the contractor
- Signed agreements with the contractor
- A signed statement from the contractor verifying the amounts received
Ultimately, to prove your deduction in a court of law, should you have to go that far, you’ll need to show by a preponderance of the evidence that you made the payments. This means that your evidence has to make it more than 50 percent likely that you did make the payments to the contractors.
Besides the extra trouble of proving the deductions, keep in mind that the cost of not filing Form 1099s surfaces a financial penalty. For the 2019 Form 1099s, the potential penalties are
- $270 per Form 1099, or
- $550 per Form 1099 if the IRS determines you intentionally disregarded the requirement.
As you can see, filing the 1099s avoids trouble.
The deadline for filing Forms 1099 for
payments made in 2019 is January 31, 2020!
The IRS requires Form 1099 to be filed if you made payments during the year as part of your trade or business for the following activities:
- Services performed by independent contractors or others (this includes anyone who is not an employee of your business, attorneys, bookkeepers, CPAs, plumbers, etc.);
- Interest on a business debt to someone (excluding interest on an obligation issued by an individual);
- Dividends or other distributions to a company shareholder.
You are NOT required to file Form 1099 if any of the following situations apply:
- The payment was made to another business that is incorporated, unless the payment was for medical or legal services. However, it is recommended you always obtain Form W-9 regardless of whether they are incorporated, the IRS will want to see this if you are audited.
- The sum of all payments made to the person or unincorporated business during the year is less than $600.
- The payment was made using a credit card.
If you need us to prepare your Forms 1099 for 2019, please provide us with the following information for each vendor on or before January 15, 2020:
- Name as shown on the vendor’s tax return;
- Social security number or employer identification number;
- Total amount paid to the vendor during the year.